Sharadiy Navaratri or Navratri (Nine Nights) is one of the most revered festivals observed in the holy honour of Mother Goddess Durga. It lasts nine nights (and ten days), and the final day is called Vijayadashami.
Hindu literature states that there are four Navaratris in a year: Sharada Navaratri, Chaitra Navaratri, Magha Navaratri, and Ashada Navaratri. Sharada Navaratri is by far the most celebrated of these four Navaratri celebrations.
This Navaratri starts from the first day (pratipada) of the bright fortnight of the lunar month of Ashvin (September and October). This Navaratri is also known as Maha Navratri, as this is the most celebrated and significant Navratri of all Navratris,
Chaitra Navaratri, also known as Vasantha Navaratri. This Navaratri falls in the lunar month of Chaitra (March–April). The ninth day of this Navaratri is celebrated as Ram Navami, as the birthday of Lord Rama usually falls on this day.
Magha Navaratri is known as Gupt (Secret) Navaratri. This Navaratri falls in the lunar month of Magha (January–February). The fifth day of this Navaratri is called Vasant Panchami or Basant Panchami, which is the beginning of the spring season in the Hindu religion. During this festival, the goddess Sarasvati is worshipped through arts, music, and kite flying.
This Navaratri is also known as Gupta Navaratri. Ashada Navaratri falls in the lunar month of Ashadha and June-July of the Gregorian calendar, which is the start of the monsoon season.
Here are the Colours of Navaratri and date for year 2022
Nine days of the Navratri, celebrate nine different avatars (incarnation) of Goddess Durga also known as Navadurga.
Nine days of the Navratri celebrate nine different avatars (incarnations) of Goddess Durga, also known as Navadurga.
Day 1 – Pratipada
Navratri color of the day – White
Navratri First Day Goddess – Maa Shailputri
The first day of Navratri is also called Ghatasthapana. This day is associated with the first form of Navadurga, Goddess Shailaputri (“Daughter of Mountain”), which is the incarnation of Goddess Parvati. On this day, Maa Durga is worshipped as the wife of Shiva.
Day 2 – Dwitiya
Navratri color of the day – Red
Navratri Second Day Goddess – Maa Brahmacharini
On the Second day of Navratri, Maa Durga is worshipped as Goddess Brahmacharini, which is another incarnation of Goddess Parvati and the second form of Navadurga.
Day 3 – Tritiya
Navratri color of the day – Royal Blue
Navratri Third Day Goddess – Maa Chandraghanta
On the third day of Navratri, Maa Durga is worshipped as Goddess Chandraghanta. She is always ready to fight against demons and is symbolic of bravery. Maa Chandraghanta is the third form of Navadurga.
Day 4 – Chaturthi
Navratri color of the day – Yellow
Navratri Fourth Day Goddess – Maa Kushmanda
On the fourth day of Navratri, Maa Durga is worshipped as Goddess Kushmanda, as she is believed to be the creative power of the universe and is associated with the endowment of vegetation on earth. Maa Kushmanda is the fourth form of Navadurga.
Day 5 – Panchami
Navratri color of the day – Green
Navratri Fifth Day Goddess – Maa Skandmata
On the fifth day of Navratri, Maa Durga is worshipped as Goddess Skandmata. Her name comes from Skand, which is the alternate name of the god Kartikeya. Maa Skandmata is the fifth form of Navadurga.
Day 6 – Shashti
Navratri color of the day – Grey
Navratri Sixth Day Goddess – Maa Katyayani
Goddess Katyayani is the sixth aspect of the Navadurga forms of Mahadevi and is worshiped on the sixth day of Navratri. Maa Katyayani is also known as the warrior goddess.
Day 7 – Saptami
Navratri color of the day – Orange
Navratri Seventh Day Goddess – Maa Kalaratri
On the seventh day of Navratri, Maa Durga is worshipped as Goddess Kalaratri, which is considered the most ferocious form of Goddess Durga. Maa Kalaratri is the seventh form of Navadurga.
Day 8 – Ashtami
Navratri color of the day – Peacock Green
Navratri Eighth Day Goddess – Maa Mahagauri
On the eighth day of Navratri, Maa Durga is worshipped as Goddess Mahagauri, who is the symbol of intelligence and peace. One who worships Goddess Mahagauri, she can fulfill all the desires of her devotees. The one who worships the goddess gets relief from all the suffering in life. Maa Mahagauri is the eighth form of Navadurga.
Navratri color of the day – Pink
Navratri Ninth Day Goddess – Maa Siddhidatri
Goddess Siddhidatri is the ninth aspect of the Navadurga forms of Mahadevi and is worshiped on the ninth day of Navratri. The meaning of Siddhidatri is as follows: Siddhi is known as a supernatural power, and Datri means bestower or giver.
In different states of India, Navaratri is celebrated in many different ways. Some people worship by fasting for nine days, some with the feast, and others worship different avatars of Durga.
West Bengal and Eastern and the Northeastern States of India
People celebrate Navaratri as Durga Puja Festival in West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura, Assam, Odisha, and nearby regions. This festival is celebrated as the victory of Maa Durga against the shape-shifting and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura. Navaratri is the most important festival for Bengali people. During Navaratri, thousands of Pandals are installed in community squares and prominent temples of Maa Durga.is the the
On Saptami, Ashtami, and Navami (7th, 8th, and 9th) days, Ganesha, Lakshmi, Saraswati, and Kartikey are also worshiped along with Goddess Durga. And on the last day, clay statues of Durga are taken to the waterbody like river, sea, or ocean for solemn goodbye. This is a very emotional day for devotees.
Navaratri is most pupular festival in Gujrat. People fast for the entire day or partial for nine days during Navaratri. People also celebrate with traditional folk dance in their traditional and colorful attire, forming concentric circles with clapping and dancing moves. This group dance is called Garba, mainly accompanied by a live orchestra.
In Bihar, Ganesha, Lakshmi, Saraswati, and Kartikey also worshiped with maa Durga. Lots of pandals are made for celebration and worship.
In Kerala, Sharada Navaratri is celebrated as Sarasvati Puja (Worship of books and notebooks) for three days, such as Ashtami, Navami, and Vijayadashami. After worshiping, books are taken out for reading and writing on the last day. This is how Kerala people start the reading and writing of children. This process is called Vidyarambha.
In Maharastra, the Navaratri celebration starts on day 1 with Ghatasthapana. The water-filled jar is mounted on a wooden stool along with coconut, mango tree leaves, and staple grains. People worship this jar for nine days by offering flowers, garlands, and rituals. Also, water is provided for the seed to get sprouted. Sprouted leaves are taken off the grains on the last day after the Ghat puja.
Dandia and Garba Events are organized in major cities of India during Navaratri. Popular Bollywood songs are played to pull a crowd. Here is a short list of Popular Navaratri songs played in the organized event.
- Odhni Odhu to Udi Udi Jaye
- Indhana Winva
- Chogada Tara
- Nagada Sang Dhol Baaje
- Maine Payal Jo Channkayi
- Radha Kaise Na Jale
- Main To Bhool Chali Babul Ka Des
- Sheronwali song
- Udi Udi Jaye
- Kesariyo Rang
How many types of Navratri are there?
Hindu literature states that there are four Navaratris in a year: Sharada Navaratri, Chaitra Navaratri, Magha Navaratri, and Ashada Navaratri.
What is Garba?
Garba is a Gujarati traditional folk dance that celebrates and worships the feminine form of divinity.
Is Garba and Dandiya same?
Garba is performed in front of the Goddess, while Dandiya is a dance performed for Fun.
Is Dandiya a Gujarati?
Yes, Dandiya originated from Gujarat.
Is Garba a Gujarati?
Yes, Garba is a Gujarati traditional folk dance.